第十六讲 简单句、并列句和复合句,简单句、并列句和复合句

发布时间:2019-10-22  栏目:澳门新浦京欢迎你95099  评论:0 Comments

  1. 宾语从句:一般疑问句做宾语,引入if或whether

②在insist(坚持), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令),
suggest(建议),advise(建议),recommend(建议,推荐),
request(请求,要求),
demand(要求),require(要求,需要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,
should可省略。

如果Ving形式的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,通常用Ving形式的完成时态。

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(Tom的父亲是我们老师第一个谈话的人。)

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish
后面的从句,当表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

(3)关系代词和关系副词的用法:

【知识拓展】 Ving形式的时态和语态

  倒装句: 谓语的一部分或者全部放在主语之前的句子称为倒装句。

Thebuilding ___________is being built will be used as a
hospital.(指物作主语)

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他表明他不会屈服。 

  1. 定语从句

四、 几点说明:

  2、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构表示第二个人物的情况与上文的人物情况相同。如:Tom went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了海滩,我也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has Jim.
(李梅没有在店里买什么,Jim也没有买。)

*So… that…与简单句之间的句型转换

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be
friendly。

例如:

  ① 定语从句的位置:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是我的叔叔。)

This isthe place _______ Lu Xun was born.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
我后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

(1)状语从句的分类

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming.
他很喜欢足球,我喜欢游泳。

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a. and b. but c. or d. so

  语法知识点3

按照句子的结构可分:简单句并列句和复合句三种。

⑥在love, hate,
prefer等动词后用Ving形式或不定式无大的区别。但说话人有所指的时候,通常用不定式。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词之前。通常由that,whether以及疑问连词引导。一般情况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(我们该在什么时候开始还是个问题呢。)

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  6.状语从句省略(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从省略采用分词作状语。例句:

(1)名词性从句分类:

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

  2、常见的并列句:

1) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。


非限制性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不密切,去掉定从句,意思仍然完整。形式上用逗号隔开,不能that用引导。例如:His
movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his
wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意思仍完整)

例如:

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其位置可以在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、比较、让步、条件等几种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

练习

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可被省略;表示“是否”用whether,只有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if代替。Whether和if在从句中不担任成分。如果从句缺少主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子成分,用连接代词what,
whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose,
which;如果从句缺少状语,用连接副词when, where, how, why。

His coming will be of great  help to us.

  比较状语从句通常由as, than, as
(so)…as等引导,一般省略从句的谓语部分,只剩下名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比我高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (我书没有你多)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。我们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

⑤ 引导定语从句的关系副词有时可以用“介词 + which”来代替。例如:

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

  4、当关系代词紧跟在介词后面时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又可以使用that或who.

  1. He worked hard so that he couldmake more money.

  1.as…as.。。引导的比较级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你一样学习努力。

①表示“同时”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while
等连接的时间状语从句,主句和从句时态基本一致。例如:As time passed,
things seemed to get worse。

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

  (3) 表明两个概念彼此有矛盾、相反或者转折,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 让步状语从句

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

④关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数还是用复数应由先行词决定。例如:

have, get, send, leave等使役动词;

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

  1. —-Can you tell me _____?

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

原因状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

用when时,从句的动作可以与主句的动作同时发生,也可以先于主句的动作发生;

  如主句是过去时,从句则相应地使用过去某一时态,遇到客观真理时仍然用现在时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(我想本学期我的英语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是不是圆的。)

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  ⑴表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的过去式用were.   

(3)从句中的语序


时间性。如果动词-ing形式所表表示的动作与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生,则用一般式;如果动词-ing形式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前则使用完成式。

  5、直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词以及表示时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变化

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同时,被动结构的状语从句,可省略与主句相同的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动结构的状语从句,可省略与主句相同的主语和助动词,保留连词+现在分词。例如:We
all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get
worse。

在with结构中,不定式、现在分词作宾补,表示主动,但是不定式表示将要发生的动作,而现在分词表示正在发生或发生了的动作;过去分词表示被动或完成。

  结果状语从句通常由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般表示已经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的两个句子成为并列句。

⑤ 在as if/though
引导的状语从句中,如果表示一种与事实相反夸张,从句多用一般过去时或过去完成时。例如:She
stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

  并列复合句是由两个或两个以上并列而又独立的简单句构成。两个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时不用连接词,只在两个简单句之间用一逗号或分号。

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

独立主格在口语中不常用,往往由一个从句代替,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

  条件状语从句通常由if, unless, as long
as等引导,条件状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将来到的期末考试你肯定考不及格,除非你更用功。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(如果明天不下雨我们就要去徒步旅行。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

  1. with结构与一般的with短语的区别

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

(6)状语从句被用于强调结构中

  1. Ving形式的时态
    Ving形式的时态分一般式和完成式两种,如果Ving形式的动作没有明确地表示出时间是与谓语动词同时发生或在谓语动词以前发生,用Ving形式的一般式。

  ②人称作相应变化;

They willstand by you even if you don’t succeed.

  语法知识点1

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

他到达工地时,天正在下雪。

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变间接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  只有那位女生知道怎样解那道题。

(1)定语从句的分类

as所表示的语气较强,引导的让步状语从句用倒装语序;

  附加注释

a.until b. though c. because

  ⑶表示对将来的主观愿望:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在这种情况下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能相同,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能否实现,取决于从句主语的态度或意愿(非动作名词除外)
。 

状语从句作为被强调部分用于强调结构时,一律用It is/was
…that…,不能用when代替that。句子用陈述语序。注意:当强调Not until
+时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再采用倒装语序。例如:It was not until
the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

我已经没有从前那么强壮了。

  1、直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时应注意以下各点:

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

  让步状语从句通常由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等引导。如:Even if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(即使你替我还了债我也不会感谢你,因为它与我毫无关系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件T恤衫,尽管天很冷。)

a. Though, but b. Because, so c. Though, \ d. Because,\

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我希望你安静一些。 

表示转折关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

用作形容词时,说明主语的特征,用how进行提问。

  地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever等引导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪里来还滚到哪里去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(我永远也不会忘记去抓住那个偷我项链的贼,无论他会在哪里。)

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  4. If虚拟条件句

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

你会随着年龄的增长而越来越聪明。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

He is young, but he works hard.虽然他年轻,但工作努力。

  3.定语从句 who引导的限定性定从。例句:

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the
morning。

2.as用作连词引导原因状语从句

  2、时间、条件、原因,让步状语从句放在句首时需要用逗号与主句隔开。

6.目的状语从句

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(提议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

This is the same book as I read last week.

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

a. if b. so c. because d. until

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不同之处在于,now that
引出的必须是一个新出现的事实或情况,如果依然如故,和过去相比并没有变化,则不用
now that 引导。

定语从句一般由关系代词和关系副词引导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose,
which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where,
why。关系代词和关系副词必须位于从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着连接先行词和从句的作用,同时在从句中又充当句子成分。

(“with+复合宾语”结构,在句中作定语)

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面的主谓一般采用倒装形式放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(父亲说:“你在上边到底干什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上边到底干什么?”)

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

b.
as可指代主句的内容,引导的非限制性定语从句既可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后。常用于下列句型:as
is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all
know, as I expect 等。例如: He got the first place again in this
mid-term examination, as we expected。

例如:

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。)

He is soyoung that he can’t go to school.à he is too young to go to
school.

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

(2)定语从句的关系代词和关系副词

  1. 动词-ing形式(短语)作状语时的几个特性。

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

whose

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
我希望知道这个问题的答案。(可惜不知道。) 

①限制性定语从句:从句与主句关系密切,去掉从句,主句意义不完整,甚至不合逻辑。例如:I
was the only person in our office who was
invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就不完整)

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been +
过去分词”构成,后一种一般避免使用。

  (5) 表示结果,用连接词so, 前后分句时态一致。

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

一。考纲要求

as引导的让步状语从句必须以部分倒装的形式出现,被倒装的部分可以是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于这样的结构中,但although不可以这样用。

  并列句和主从复合句

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有勤奋、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

状语从句通常修饰主句的动词或整个句子,由从属连词引导,从属连词在从句中不充当句子成分。根据状语从句所表达的不同意义和功能,可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、比较、方式等状语从句。

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那个在角落里哭泣的女人吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟我无关的话,请一个字也不要说。)

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。常见的形容词有important, necessary, natural,
funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人惊讶的)等。

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations,
    international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

  (1) 用来连接两个并列概念的连接词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的前后分句往往表示先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

考点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情况适用于后者”。例句:

a. 当现行词为 the same
+名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。例如:

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

  直接引语和间接引语

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和关系副词)。

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能停止。 

② 用which而不用
that的情况:引导非限制性定语从句;指代整个主句的意思;用于介词 的后面+
关系代词。例如:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be
poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world,
there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an
example。

He stopped to talk.

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的选择:

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把所有材料都准备好了,我们应该立刻开始这项新的工作。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

一)Ving形式作定语

  3、各从句在句子中的位置以及用法:

  1. Hisbrother has been to Stone Forest twice_____ he came to
    Yunnan.

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for
来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今天没来,因为他生病了。

He made a long speech, as we expected。

④动词need, require,
want作“需要”解,其后跟动词作它的宾语时,必须用Ving形式,或不定式的被动式,这时,Ving形式的主动形式表示被动意义。

  1、概念:

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  2. 原因状语从句:since引导的

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(一):真正开始看书前,我做了什么?

  ③主句里的动词如果是过去时,间接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变:
一般现在时变一般过去时;一般将来时变过去将来时;现在进行时变过去进行时;现在完成时变成过去完成时;一般过去时变成过去完成时;但一般过去时如与一个具体的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

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③ 关系代词as的用法

  1. 在感官动词:

  2、分类:

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

③ 在含有advice, order, demand, proposal(提议), requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。

动词-ing形式作状语时,可以表示时间、原因、伴随状况、条件、结果等。

  当先行词是指事物的不定代词(all,
anything等),或先行词部分含有最高级,或含有序数词时,不能用其他的关系代词,只能用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉我的话似乎不真实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能不能给我点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (这是第一辆运行于我市的双层公交车。)

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  You are a student, so am I。

目的状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something
to eat.

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

(3) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原来的特殊疑问词。

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教我们英语的那个女孩吗?

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

三、 动词-ing形式作表语(常指主语的内容、状态或性质等)。

  1、关系代词只能用that的情况:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  (2)在否定句或疑问句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

②在so/such…that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句采用部分倒装语序。例如:

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was
gone.)

  1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开头的句子。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小孩。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公交车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

which\that\省略

  ⑵表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句动词用had +过去分词。 


表示“将来”意义的条件、时间和让步状语从句中多用一般现在时,而主句用一般将来时,被称为“主将从现”。例如:Tom
won’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless
等后必须用Ving形式。

  3、关系代词作从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词常常省略。

在条件状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  4.it形式宾语:和it 作形式主语一样,  我们常用it 来作形式宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种情况尤其出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

表示因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

例如:

  (2) 表示在两者之间选择一个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若第一个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用将来时。

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以至于)。

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

新车了。)

Jim’s mother________ let him watchTV_______ he finished
his homework.

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 私营化的优点在于能促进相互竞争。

比较状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
引导。

既然你对此如此有把握,他会相信你的。  

  时间状语从句通常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等引导。时间状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完成工作就可以出去和Jim一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (妈妈回来了我才会走。)

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点2

地点状语从句:where,wherever(无论那里)。

二、 动词-ing形式作宾语。

  若从句来源于一个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以省略;

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

(4)限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别

③ 人称的一致性。动词-ing形式的逻辑主语应和句子的主语一致。

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

2) where 在句中作状语,表示地点。.

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

表示选择关系常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

  主从复合句

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

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④在一些表示惊讶、意志等感情色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should
+have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。例如:

尽管他学习很努力,但几乎没取得什么进步。   Child as/though he was, he
knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew
what was the right thing to do.)

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,我迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(恐怕他此刻不在家。)

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

简单句只有一个主语或并列主语和一个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and,
but,
or,so等)或分号(;)把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成。复合句:含有一个或一个以上从句的句子。复合句包含:状语从句\名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

  ③ 关系代词或关系副词的作用:

That’ssuch an interesting story that everybody likes it.

第十六讲 简单句、并列句和复合句

1.as用作连词引导时间状语从句

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  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

高考对简单句、并列句和复合句的考查主要包括:句子的结构、连词的选择、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习惯用语和特殊的句式应用。

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

简单句、并列句和复合句

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

(结果) 注意:

  4、感叹句中通常将被感叹的部分前移,而将句子的主谓语整体后置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多漂亮的花!)

This isthe reason_______ he is late today.

c. as 引导非限制性定语从句时与which的区别

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,可以独立做谓语,有各种时态变化,也可以变成非谓语形式作句子的其他成分;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (我要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那个人死了三个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

作宾语

当主句和从句语义一致时,用as引导;反之,用which来引导非限制性定语从句;当非限制定语从句为否定意义时,常用which引导。例如:

(1)as引导定语从句与其他词连用

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

  1. Cathylikes comedies, _____ they’re very funny.

时间状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as,
hardly/ scarcely…when…, no sooner…than.。.一……就……,while, till,
until, since, once。名词词组the first time第一次,last
time最后一次,every/each time每次,the next time下次,the next
day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant
一……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

a working method 工作方法

  ①基本形式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

The traffic had to stop ______ _______ the_______
snow.

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

  若从句来源于一个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

  1. Theypiled the snow in one place ______ the children could make
    a snowman.

二。命题导向

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.  
 

  1、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自己的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的内容,称为间接引语。

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

条件状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(如果;只要),in case (万一);
on condition that(如果), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

他停下来讲话。

  若从句来源于一个特殊疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

He ismore outgoing than I.

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